Spirituals also known as Negro spirituals , Spiritual music , or African-American spirituals is a genre of music that is "purely and solely the creation" of generations of African Americans ,  : 13,17 which merged African cultural heritage with the experiences of being held in bondage in slavery, at first during the transatlantic slave trade —the largest and most inhumane forced migration in recorded human history,  and for centuries afterwards, through the domestic slave trade. Spirituals encompass the "sing songs", work songs , and plantation songs that evolved into the blues, and the gospel songs in church. From its roots in African music, new derivative music genres emerged from the spirituals songcraft. Prior to the end of the US Civil War and emancipation, spirituals were originally an oral tradition passed from one slave generation to the next.
Singing in Slavery: Songs of Survival, Songs of Freedom | Mercy Street Revealed
Donna M. She is affiliated with Doxology Ministries International, Inc, a c3 charitable organization. From the moment of capture, through the treacherous middle passage, after the final sale and throughout life in North America, the experience of enslaved Africans who first arrived at Jamestown, Virginia, some years ago, was characterized by loss, terror and abuse. The Abolition of the Slave Trade Act of made it illegal to buy and sell people in British colonies, but in the independent United States slavery remained a prominent — and legal — practice until December From this tragic backdrop one of the most poignant American musical genres, the Negro spiritual, was birthed.
Singing in Slavery: Songs of Survival, Songs of Freedom
Kenyatta D. Berry is genealogist and lawyer with more than 15 years of experience in genealogical research and writing. She began her genealogical journey while in law school and studying at the State Library of Michigan in Lansing. Cooley Law School. In this blog post, Berry examines how song was used by slaves to both communicate and express feeling in the moment, as well as and pass history down through generations.